Red is the fourth studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. It was released on October 22, 2012, by Big Machine Records. The album's title refers to what Swift described as the tumultuous "red" emotions that were evoked from unhealthy romantic relationships she was experiencing during the album's conception. Swift enlisted new producers in addition to longtime collaborator Nathan Chapman with hopes of experimenting with newer sounds that would expand her artistry beyond her previous country pop style. The final product was a genre-blending album that combines pop, country and rock with folk and electronic elements, drawing from various sub-genres such as arena rock, Britrock, dance-pop and dubstep. The songs on Red delve into the complex emotions ensued from lost romance. Swift and Big Machine Records promoted Red as a country album through appearances at country music award shows and song releases to country radio. Many critics disputed this categorization, calling Red a straightforward pop album. The album was supported by seven singles, including the US Billboard Hot 100 number one "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" and international top ten hit "I Knew You Were Trouble". Swift promoted the album with the Red Tour (2013–14), the most successful country tour of all time with $150 million grossed upon completion. Buoyed by extensive marketing, Red was a commercial success: it spent seven weeks atop the US Billboard 200, making Swift the first female artist, and the second act since the Beatles, to have three consecutive albums each spend at least six weeks at number one. The album was certified seven times platinum in the United States and also topped charts and received multi-platinum certifications in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Red was positively received for Swift's lyrical prowess, but divided critics on its genre-spanning sound: praise directed at Swift's versatility, and criticism targeted the inconsistency. It received nominations for Album of the Year at the 2013 Country Music Association Awards, and Album of the Year and Best Country Album at the 2014 Grammy Awards. Retrospectively, critics lauded Red for showcasing Swift's artistry and described it as a transitional record that had her drifting from country into mainstream pop, which laid the groundwork to the electropop sound of her consequent albums. Red appeared in publications' lists of the best albums of the 2010s decade, and ranked at number 99 on the 2020 revision of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
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